The Battle of Normandy – the important places

  • American cemetery in Colleville-sur-Mer overlooking Omaha Beach

    American cemetery in Colleville-sur-Mer overlooking Omaha Beach

    © ATOUT FRANCE/Franck Charel

The Battle of Normandy – the important places 14 fr

 

The Normandie Mémoire 60ème Anniversaire association is organising, co-ordinating and promoting the events commemorating the Normandy Landings, the Battle of Normandy, the work of the Resistance, the memory of the martyrs of the Nazi Occupation and the civil victims of the fight for Liberation… so that everyone will remember the summer of 2004 as 80 days of emotion and celebration.

On this site you will find interactive maps that make the events of 6 June 1944 easier to understand, and enable you to follow the advance of the front and the Allied divisions. There are sections covering the Atlantic Wall, the Allied build-up, analyses of the landing-beaches, the major phases of the battle, a detailed chronology… all designed to help you learn about the history of the Battle of Normandy. The schedule for the ceremonies and commemorative events to be held in 2004 is accessible via a search engine and is regularly updated. 

The Battle of Normandy history section

Overlord – the assault

This itinerary, entitled Overlord (the code–name used by the Allies for the military planning and orchestration of the Landings), has been designed to reveal the numerous places and events that marked the day of 6 June 1944 in the Anglo-Canadian sector.

- The Pegasus Memorial

- The Merville Battery Museum

- The Commando N° 4 Museum

- The Atlantic Wall Museum

- The Radar Museum

- The Juno Beach Centre

- The America Gold Beach Museum

- Arromanches 360

- The Landings Museum

- The Longues Battery

- The Landings' Underwater Wreckage Museum

- The Battle of Normandy Memorial Museum

- The Commonwealth Cemetery and Memorial

- The General de Gaulle Memorial Museum

 

D-day – the confrontation

Based on the American offensive, this itinerary starts at the sadly famous Omaha Beach, the scene of a terrible battle, and moves from Bayeux to Carentan, finishing with the taking of Saint-Lô and Carentan.

It reveals the violence of the fighting, especially at "Bloody Omaha" where the waves of the 1st US Infantry Division's assault at dawn on D-Day were met by the fierce resistance of the German troops, and at the Pointe du Hoc, where US Rangers succeeded in heroic exploits under Colonel Rudder.

- The General de Gaulle Memorial Museum

- The Commonwealth Cemetery and Memorial

- The Battle of Normandy Memorial Museum

- The Landings' Underwater Wreckage Museum

- The American Cemetery

- The Omaha Beach Memorial Museum

- The D-Day Omaha Museum

- The Pointe du Hoc

- The Rangers Museum

- The German Military Cemetery

Objective – the port

In order to provision the troops that had landed, the Allies had a vital requirement… a deep-water port. The first objective of the American troops on Utah-Beach and around Sainte-Mère-Eglise was to take the port of Cherbourg. The "Objective – the port" circuit retraces the major sites and the route taken by General Collins and the 7th Army Corps towards Cherbourg. 

- The Airborne Museum

The Utah Beach Landings Museum

- The Azzeville Battery

- The Liberty Museum

- The Liberation Museum

- Landmarks on the Road to Liberty

 

The clash

Starting at Bénouville, this itinerary continues on from the "Overlord – the assault" itinerary and follows the difficult advance of the Allied troops towards the south and the consolidation of their beachhead.

- The Pegasus Memorial

- The Battle of Tilly Museum

- The Bocage breakthrough Museum

- The Caen Memorial

Cobra – the breakthrough

On 25 July 1944, the Allies decided to go ahead with Operation Cobra. This objective of this operation, commanded by General Bradley, was to reach Avranches via the coastline in order to open up the front to the west and liberate Brittany without having to confront the German troops to the south. The operation was also to pave the way for the pincer-manoeuvre in the Falaise pocket. 

- The Second World War Museum

- The Liberation Museum

The counter-attack

The Germans were surprised by the Avranches Breakthrough. Hitler consequently ordered a counter-offensive with the aim of cutting-off the newly formed 3rd American Army, which had moved into Brittany. The offensive took place at Mortain and represented the start of the Counter-Attack.

- The Second World War Museum

- The American Military Cemetery

- The Leclerc Museum

The trap

This itinerary, starting at Alençon and finishing at Aigle, reveals how the trap surrounding the German forces, who were attempting to leave Normandy in mid-August, closed in from the south.

- The Leclerc Museum

- The Montormel Memorial

- The June 44 Museum

The final stages

Starting in Caen, this itinerary follows the phase in which the allied offensives converged on what turned out to be the most decisive battle-field of the Battle of Normandy: the Falaise – Chambois pocket, before moving on to Aigle, whose liberation opened up for the Allied forces the road to the Seine.

- The Caen Memorial

- The August 44 Museum

- The Montormel Memorial

- The June 44 Museum

 

Point of interest